Lunedì 5 giugno 2017 ore 15.00

Monday, 5 June 2017, at 3:00 p.m.

The Avant-Gardes of the 1960s: Visual Poetry, Concrete Poetry, Fluxus

Conclusive lesson of the ‘Modern and Contemporary Italian Literature’ course

Taught by Dr. Teresa Spignoli

In collaboration with the University of Florence  – Department of Languages, Literature and Intercultural Studies


The 1960s were characterized by fervid literary and artistic experimentation that brought under discussion the relationships among the different arts as they searched for radically new forms of expression. The lesson – which concludes the Modern and Contemporary Italian Literature course – covers a number of hinge-pin experiences of that period, with particular reference to the various forms of hybridisation between the verbal and the visual registers that came into being in Italy and abroad: from Balestrini’s verbal collages to the visual poetry of Gruppo 70 (L. Pignotti, E. Miccini, L. Ori, L. Marcucci, K. La Rocca) and to the interdisciplinary contaminations promoted by Fluxus (G. Chiari).

The intermedia languages that arose were dialectical in their relationships with burgeoning modern mass society, radically challenging their underlying assumptions, and together took on all the attributes of a ‘culture of dissention’ as regarded the relationship between art production and the political, social and cultural establishment. All this is patently evident in the critical and theoretical reflection that blossomed within Gruppo 63 and Gruppo 70 and was carried forward through creation of magazines and promotion of debates and meetings such as the Arte e Comunicazione (Art and Communication) conference organised by Pignotti and Miccini in 1963 at Florence’s Forte Belvedere.

Thus, this lesson fits within the context of the research carried out for the University project entitled Alle due sponde della cortina di ferro: le culture del dissenso e la definizione dell’identità europea nel secondo Novecento tra Italia, Francia e URSS (1956-1991)(On the two sides of the Iron Curtain: dissenting cultures and definition of a European identity in the second half of the 1900s: Italy, France and the USSR [1956-1991]), undertaken with the aim of analysing the various forms of underground cultures that have influenced Europe since the 1950s.


Free admission on a first come, first served basis. Admission to the museum is not included.