80 YEARS: MICHELUCCI AND THE STATION OF SANTA MARIA NOVELLA
Monday, December 21, 2015, 3 p.m.
Dora Liscia Bemporad, Luciana Capasso, Patrizia Cappellini, Carlotta Castellani, Valentina Filice, Giovanna Lambroni, Chiara Toti
THE STATION AND FIGURATIVE ARTS
Speeches on the works of art at the Station of Santa Maria Novella in Florence. Introduction by Alberto Boralevi, Fondazione Ambron Castiglioni and Valentina Gensini, Museo Novecento
Eighty years after the inauguration of the new station of Florence, the big panels by Ottone Rosai and Mario Romoli, today incorporated by a famous bookshop, the “frieze” in Galleria di Testa, a photographic accompaniment for the painted scenes, the Arno and its valley by Italo Griselli, the tapestries of the Sala Reale and the lavish furniture for the Fabbricato Viaggiatori and the Palazzina Reale, still bear testimony to the Florentine mood in the thirties, when the debate on architecture blended with that on mural painting and on teaching arts and crafts.
The making of the new train station of Florence, solemnly inaugurated on the 30th of October, 1935, by the King of Italy Vittorio Emanuele II, was part of the bigger project of economic development pursued in those years by Florence: the plan was to relaunch tourism in light of a more ample revitalization of the handicraft and trade of the city and province. This idea resulted in a series of important cultural activities providing for the “Florentine Renaissance”, a festival that every year included various handicraft exhibits and shows and events such as the Maggio Musicale Fiorentino or the reenactment of ancient soccer, on one hand, and on the other, significant architectural projects, from the new stadium Berta to the train station. The 1932 competition announcement for the Fabbricato Viaggiatori was won by a group of young architects, that is, Nello Baroni, Pier Niccolò Berardi, Italo Gamberini, Sarre Guarneri and Leonardo Lusanna, coordinated by their professor at the Scuola Superiore di Architettura di Firenze, Giovanni Michelucci. The project originated a national scandal and was followed by a long controversy, but three years later the architects had completed an endeavor that, to this day, is considered one of the most significant examples of Italian Rationalist Architecture.
The lectures will analize the rich decoration going together with the famous accomplishment by the Gruppo Toscano, to initiate a debate on the complex historical, artistic, political, cultural context originating the works of art, through a new interpretation of the lively cultural milieu following the competition, that showed how the assignment of the works and the artistic choices were influenced by the dinamics linked to the purchasers.
La stazione e le arti, Valentina Filice
Le tempere di Ottone Rosai, Giovanna Lambroni
La Scena di caccia di Mario Romoli, Chiara Toti
Design anni Trenta: gli arredi e i mobili del Fabbricato Viaggiatori, Luciana Capasso
Il fregio fotografico della Galleria di Testa e altre decorazioni fotografiche, Patrizia Cappellini
L’Arno e la sua Valle di Italo Orlando Griselli, Carlotta Castellani
Dagli affreschi agli arazzi. Le decorazioni del Salone Reale, Dora Liscia Bemporad
In collaboration with the Fondazione Ambron Castiglioni and the Fondazione Michelucci, within the series of events celebrating the eightieth anniversary of the Stazione Santa Maria Novella.
Free entrance while seats last. It does not include the access to the museum.